Creating a SSH Tunnel

Posted by | Posted in Command-Line, Guides, Linux, OS X, Server, SSH, Tunneling, Ubuntu | Posted on 01-02-2011

To traverse firewalls that block incoming SSH connections or to access a computer with a non routable IP address, you can create an SSH tunnel. When creating a SSH tunnel, you’ll generate the tunnel on the host system and connect it to another system.

With the SSH command, you’ll use the “-R” flag, that allows reversible communications or a reverse tunnel.

This command that I normally use:

It states, create a reversible SSH tunnel from this localhost port 22 to USER@SERVER on port 10000.

 
/usr/bin/ssh -R 10000:localhost:22 USER@SERVER

You’ll need to leave this connection open otherwise the tunnel will collapse. Normally I execute a program at the other end to keep the connection alive. Some SSHd configurations will drop connections due to inactivity.

To connect to the tunnel from USER@SERVER:

use ssh to connect to your USER account on the host server via port 10000.

 
/usr/bin/ssh USER@localhost -p 10000

this will give you the login prompt at the host server. User your login information or you can also setup SSH Keys.

How to get rid of cron warnings

Posted by | Posted in Bash, Code, Command-Line, Cron, Linux, OS X, Server, Ubuntu | Posted on 31-01-2011

If a cron job executes with unmanaged warnings for data, you’ll generate LOTS of emails to your account. Here is an easy way to redirect all that extraneous data.

Just add “>> /dev/null 2>$1″ to the end of each of your cron jobs.

 
0,10,20,30,40,50 * * * * /path/to/script >> /dev/null 2>&1

PHP and $argv

Posted by | Posted in Code, Command-Line, Functions, Guides, Linux, OS X, PHP, Server, Ubuntu | Posted on 31-01-2011

I’ve been adding $argv functionality to all of my PHP maintenance scripts. I am doing this, so I don’t have to edit a variable each time I want to execute it.

A PHP $argv example.

 
#!/usr/bin/php
< ? PHP
 
#	test.php
#	demonstration of $argv
#	Dan McCoy
#	January 31 2011
 
$command = $argv[1];
 
$GLOBALS['script'] = basename($argv[0]);
$GLOBALS['ver'] = "1.0";
$GLOBALS['file'] = $argv[2];
 
function help() {
	echo "Help for ". $GLOBALS['script'] ."\n";
 
	echo "-h \t Help prompt \n";
	echo "-v \t Version ". $GLOBALS['ver'] ."\n";
 
	echo "-g \t Grab file from X \n";
	echo "-f \t Reformat data from X \n";
	echo "-l \t Load data from X \n";
 
}// end help
 
function grab(){
	@exec('/opt/local/bin/wget http://webserver.com/page.php -O '. $GLOBALS['file'],$retval);
	return "Grab completed ". $retval[0] ." \n";
}// end grab
 
function reformat() {
	$fp = $GLOBALS['file'];
	$file = fopen($fp,'r');
	$data = fread($file,filesize($fp));
	fclose($file);
 
	$data = str_replace("<br /><br />","\n\n",$data);
	$data = str_replace("<br />","\n",$data);
	$data = strip_tags($data);
	$data = str_replace("\t","",$data);
 
	$fp = $GLOBALS['file'];
	$file = fopen($fp,'w');
	fwrite($file,$data);
	fclose($file);
 
	return "Reformating completed \n";
}// end reformat
 
function load() {
        $fp = $GLOBALS['file'];
        $file = fopen($fp,'r');
        $data = fread($file,filesize($fp));
        fclose($file);
	return $data;
}
 
function delete() {
	$ret = @unlink($GLOBALS['file']);
 
	if ($ret==TRUE){
		return "File has been deleted \n";
	}else{
		return "There was an ERROR deleting ". $GLOBALS['file']."\n";        
	}
}// end delete
 
function switch_default() {
	echo "Command not found \n";
	help();
}
 
switch($command) {
	case "-h":
	        echo help();
	break;
 
	case "-g":
        	echo grab();
	break;
 
	case "-f":
		echo reformat();
	break;
 
	case "-l":
		echo load();
	break;
 
	case "-d":
		echo delete();
	break;
 
	default:
		switch_default();
	break;	
}// end switch
 
? >

Executing more then 1 command at once

Posted by | Posted in Bash, Code, Command-Line, Cron, Linux, OS X, Server, Ubuntu | Posted on 30-01-2011

Many times, I have to execute sequential commands inorder to complete a task. Below is an example of how to do this.

/path/to/command argv1 && /path/to/command argv2

I normally use this sequential order when pulling raw data from a source and then reformatting it for my needs.

15 * * * * /usr/local/bin/pullsource grab && /usr/local/bin/pullsource reformat

Join the mailing list

Check your email and confirm the subscription