Activating Mod_Userdir.c in Apache2 – Ubuntu

Posted by | Posted in Command-Line, Guides, Linux, Ubuntu | Posted on 16-09-2009

This morning, I was working on allowing users of my web server to create web pages with in their home directory. Normally this is indicated by a URL of http://server.com/~useraccount and is activated by default. But during the Apache install process the module for modifying the user directory wasn’t activated.

List of things you’ll need to do.

1) Add the module to your virtual host.
2) Enable the module in apache2
3) Restart apache2
4) Create a web directory folder in your home folder
5) make sure your permissions are correct

Step 1, adding the module to your virtual host.

Normally in Ubuntu, your enabled virtual hosts (or virtual hosts that are current running) are located in /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/your_domain_naming_scheme. For this example, I’ll always name my virtual hosts after their qualified domain name (qdn).

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/server.com

With in your < virtualhost > < / virtualhost > tags, you need to add and If Module statement. An If Module states, that if the module exists in the apache lib directory, to go ahead and load it into ram. The common use of the UserDir statement is command and then directory. So in this case UserDir public_html. public_html is the directory that will need to be created in each user’s home directory in order for apache to map the URL to file systems correctly. In this case the URL of http://server.com/~dmccoy will be mapped to the file directory path of /home/dmccoy/public_html/.

        < IfModule mod_userdir.c >
                UserDir html
        < /IfModule >

a complete virtual host might look something like this.

NameVirtualHost *:80
< VirtualHost server.com:80 >
        ServerAdmin dmccoy@server.com
 
        DocumentRoot /var/www/server.com
        ServerName server.com
        ServerAlias server
 
        < Directory />
                Options FollowSymLinks
                AllowOverride None
        < /Directory>
        < Directory /var/www/server.com/ >
                Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
                AllowOverride None
                Order allow,deny
                allow from all
                # This directive allows us to have apache2's default start page
               # in /apache2-default/, but still have / go to the right place
              #RedirectMatch ^/$ /apache2-default/
        < /Directory >
 
        < IfModule mod_userdir.c >
                UserDir html
        < /IfModule >
 
        ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/
        < Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin" >
                AllowOverride None
                Options ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
                Order allow,deny
                Allow from all
        < /Directory >
 
        ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/server.com-error.log
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
        # alert, emerg.
        LogLevel warn
 
        CustomLog /var/log/apache2/server.com-access.log combined
        ServerSignature On
 
   Alias /doc/ "/usr/share/doc/"
    < Directory "/usr/share/doc/" >
        Options Indexes MultiViews FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
        Order deny,allow
        Deny from all
        Allow from 127.0.0.0/255.0.0.0 ::1/128
    < /Directory >
< /VirtualHost >

Step 2, Once you’ve told the virtual host to load the UserDir module, you’ll need to make sure it is enabled in apache2. You can find this out by looking in the /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/ directory.

Both of these files will need to be in the mods-enabled directory.

userdir.conf
userdir.load

If they are not, make sure they are in the mods-available directory located at /etc/apache2/mods-available/. If they are in the mods-available directory, all you need to do is symbolically link them into the mods-enabled directory.

sudo ln -s /etc/apache2/mods-available/userdir.conf /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/userdir.conf
sudo ln -s /etc/apache2/mods-available/userdir.load /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/userdir.load

Step 3, You’ll need to restart apache2 in order to activate the userdir module.

sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Step 4, Now that the userdir module is active you can now add the “public_html” directory to any user that wants a website.

Normal command line steps might look something like this.

For yourself

 
cd ~
mkdir public_html
echo "test" > public_html/index.html

Or for another account

 
sudo mkdir /home/USER/public_html
sudo echo "test" > home/USER/public_html/index.html

Step 5, You should now be able to type in your browser http://server.com/~dmccoy and see “test” if you get a Forbidden error, you’ll need to change the permissions on your home directory folder and your public_html folder.

 
chmod 701 /home/dmccoy
chmod 705 /home/dmccoy/public_html

Repeat steps 4 and 5 for every account that would like web access.

Apache 2 Module mod_userdir
Apache 1.3 Module mod_userdir
Per-user web directories

Comments are closed.

Join the mailing list

Check your email and confirm the subscription